Healthy Communities- May 17, 2013

Healthy Communities
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Resources

What’s Good for Health is Good for Business: Engaging the Business Community in Prevention Efforts
This resource guide from the Prevention Institute is for public health departments and coalitions outlines the steps involved in forging successful community prevention partnerships with local businesses. It is designed to support community prevention leaders as they develop coalitions and engage local businesses in prevention efforts to improve employee and resident access to healthy food, physical activity, and tobacco-free environments. Many prevention efforts have successfully included businesses as coalition members, partners, or leaders in creating change. This guide highlights examples of fruitful public health-business partnerships, explores the basis for their success, and provides insights on how to replicate these successes elsewhere. Click here to download the resource guide.

MMWR: ARTHRITIS AWARENESS MONTH – MAY 2013
May is Arthritis Awareness Month. Arthritis affects an estimated 50 million U.S. adults (1) and continues to be the most common cause of disability in the United States (2). This year’s theme, “Faces of Arthritis,” (http://www.arthritis.org/facesofarthritis) is designed to challenge arthritis stereotypes and educate the public about the impacts of arthritis, along with promoting clinical and public health interventions to control it. Read full text.

The Quality Connection Newsletter highlights the latest accreditation and quality news for the Oregon public health system. Read success stories and best practices in quality improvement, performance management, and accreditation initiatives.  

Healthy Syracuse
Healthy Syracuse is a coalition leading health-supporting organizations in Central New York. The mission is to facilitate a community-wide effort to address physical activity, nutrition, & chronic disease through policy & environmental changes. Healthy Syracuse works to present & manage risk factors for heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, obesity, & arthritis. This group held its first worksite wellness conference – all presentations materials are available online here: http://www.bizeventz.com/upcomingevents/tabid/778/vw/3/itemid/658/d/20130320/Healthy-Syracuse–Worksite-Wellness-Conference.aspx

Reports and Articles
child-drinking-coke
Is Coke’s anti-obesity campaign the real thing?
MSN Money, 5/8/13
The company is making 4 ‘global commitments’ to combat the epidemic. Critics see the strategy as just another effort to increase sales.

The Long Term Returns of Obesity Prevention Policies.
This study illustrates the importance for policymakers of long-term budget impact analyses of preventive health policies, specifically those aimed at obesity prevention.

NIH statement on Asthma Awareness Month 2013
05/08/2013 05:11 PM EDT
For Asthma Awareness Month 2013, the National Institutes of Health stands with the international community to renew our dedication to improving the quality of life for the estimated 300 million people living with asthma worldwide. To most effectively manage asthma, we need to address the disproportionate impact of the disease on minorities and families at or below the poverty line. NIH is committed to reducing asthma disparities and improving asthma control for all who live with the disease.

IOM Report questions reducing salt intake too dramatically
USA Today: May 13, 2013
The committee’s report says that evidence links excessive dietary sodium to cardiac events such as heart attacks and strokes. That was expected based on prior data on high blood pressure, a well-established marker for cardiovascular disease, stroke and cardiac-related mortality.
This is a two-sided message: We endorse public health efforts to lower excessive salt intake, but we raise questions about harm from too little salt,” says IOM committee chairman Brian Strom, executive vice dean of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Source: Sodium Intake in Populations: Assessment of Evidence http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18311

If Soda Study Is Favorable, Look for Industry $$$
Medpage: May 14, 2013
Results support the hypothesis of a master plan, based on subtle intervention, that has been developed by the food industry to instill doubt regarding the adverse effects of [sugar-sweetened beverages] and to prevent the implementation of public health interventions and policies aiming to reduce their consumption,” de Wals said in a press release.
‘Master plan’ or no, efforts by industry elements to obscure the link between soda and health outcomes are in the interests of shareholders, but certainly not the public health,” commented David L. Katz, MD, MPH of Yale University in an email.
Related Resource: Methodology: What Is the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly American Dietetic Association) Evidence Analysis Process?

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension — United States, 2003–2010
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new report entitled “Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension—United States, 2003–2010.” This report, the latest from the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), confirms well-documented racial/ethnic disparities among people with hypertension. In addition, the report reveals—for the first time—differences among individuals with stage 1 versus stage 2 hypertension by age, awareness level, prevalence of treatment, and insurance coverage.
According to the study, Mexican Americans have lower awareness and treatment of hypertension compared to African Americans and Whites. Although African Americans had the highest levels of hypertension awareness and treatment, this group had one of the lowest rates of blood pressure control. The report findings reinforce the need for continued implementation of proven, evidence-based strategies that improve blood pressure treatment and control for those with hypertension across all racial/ethnic groups and stages of disease.

Six New Public Health Law Research Studies Published
Results from six studies investigating various public health laws were published online last week in a special issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. The studies cover HPV vaccination policies, lead poisoning prevention laws and specialty courts, state contraceptive mandates, the impact of zoning on walkability, and drug patent laws in India. Three of the six papers were funded by the Public Health Law Research (PHLR) program.
One that might be of interest to you is:
“Measuring Municipal Ordinance Effectiveness: Do Mixed Land Use Zone Ordinances Improve Walkability Potential?” Carol Lynn Cannon, MA

MMWR: ADULT PARTICIPATION IN AEROBIC AND MUSCLE-STRENGTHENING PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES – UNITED STATES, 2011 The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans states that aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activities provide substantial health benefits for adults (1). To assess participation in aerobic physical and muscle-strengthening activities among adults in the United States, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) included new questions in 2011.* CDC analyzed the 2011 BRFSS survey data for U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC) and found that the self-reported activities of 20.6% of adult respondents met both aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines. Among U.S. states and DC, the prevalence of adults meeting both aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines ranged from 12.7% to 27.3%. Nationwide, 51.6% of U.S. adults met the aerobic activity guideline, and 29.3% met the muscle-strengthening guideline. State public health officials can use these data to establish new baselines for measuring progress toward meeting the physical activity guidelines. 

Consumption of Added Sugars Among U.S. Adults, 2005–2010
Increased consumption of added sugars, which are sweeteners added to processed and prepared foods, has been linked to a decrease in intake of essential micronutrients and an increase in body weight. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 recommends limiting total intake of discretionary calories, including both added sugars and solid fats, to 5%–15% per day. Recent analyses indicate that children and adolescents obtain approximately 16% of their total caloric intake from added sugars. This data brief from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) presents results for consumption of added sugars among U.S. adults for 2005–2010. Results are presented by sex, age, race and ethnicity, income, type of food consumed (food or beverage), and location of consumption.

MMWR: STATE-SPECIFIC PREVALENCE OF WALKING AMONG ADULTS WITH ARTHRITIS – UNITED STATES, 2011
Walking contributes to total physical activity and is an appropriate activity to increase overall physical activity levels among adults with arthritis. Walking also is the most preferred exercise among arthritis patients (1,2) and has been shown to improve arthritis symptoms, physical function, gait speed, and quality of life (3–5). To estimate the distribution of average weekly minutes of walking among adults with arthritis by state and map the prevalence of low amounts of walking (<90 minutes per week) among adults with arthritis, CDC analyzed data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). This report describes the results of that analysis

Excessive Meat Consumption
The Network for Public Health Law: May 9, 2013
Meat is a great source of protein, and Americans consume a lot of it. According to the USDA, the average American eats 82 grams of meat a day – about 30 percent higher than the daily recommended amount. Excessive meat consumption can lead to health problems such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Certain laws that encourage the production of meat by subsidizing the meat industry may be contributing to the overconsumption of meat.

Action Guide for Building Successful and Sustainable Local Cancer Control Coalitions
NACCHO is pleased to release its new action guide to help LHDs build capacity for local implementation of Comprehensive Cancer Control coalitions. Based on the results of NACCHO’s 2011-2012 Cancer Control in Local Health Departments Assessment, the action guide contains lessons learned from local health officials who have successfully implemented local coalitions to reduce the cancer burden in their communities.

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