Healthy Communities- July 5, 2013


SunSummer heat is upon us! 
The heat is especially hard on people who work or live outside, people with chronic health conditions, and older adults.
Summer heat in July drives folks to cold rivers.  Cold water is dangerous to the best of swimmers.  See safety tips below. Heat event risk communication tools are attached for you to use and adapt.  We have also included a link to Spanish language resource from Cal OSHA.

Please share with those who might benefit from this information.
Extreme Heat Preparedness:

Heat resources in English:
American Red Cross

Heat resources in Spanish:
American Red Cross
Water Safety resource in Spanish:

Heat resources in Russian

It’s That Simple. That Difficult. And That Important.

Why are Americans not as healthy as they could be? How can we build a culture of health in communities? The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America met in Washington, D.C. to take on these questions to uncover solutions and to explore the latest research from experts in healthy communities and early childhood.

As part of the event, RWJF released new reports from the UCSF Center on Social Disparities in Health, Wilder Research, and the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, along with testimony provided to the Commission from eight of the nation’s leading experts on how best to support health in communities and during early childhood.
Explore the new research:



Reports and Articles
Big CatchLong John Silver’s “Big Catch” is Worst Restaurant Meal in America, Says CSPI
Center for Science in the Public Interest:
July 1, 2013 Laboratory tests released today by the Center for Science in the Public Interest show that Long John Silver’s Big Catch meal, when comprised of fried fish, Hushpuppies, and Onion Rings, has an astonishing 33 grams of trans fat—the most powerful promoter of heart disease in the food supply

Map will guide exercise and enthusiasm
The Daily Astorian: June 26, 2013  
A new map showing all that the region has to offer is nearly ready to be printed and distributed. The comprehensive guide shows cyclists, horseback riders, hikers and others locations to recreate from Nehalem Bay to Willapa National Wildlife Refuge. Local organizations hope it will provide a useful resource for residents and visitors while inspiring healthier lifestyles.

Can Hi-Tech Avatars Promote Real-Life Weight Loss?
Virtual sessions on portion control and exercise helped women in small pilot study
HealthDay News: July 1, 2013
Watching an avatar exercise and learn healthy habits in a virtual community might help people shed excess weight, a small new study suggests.
An avatar is the graphical or physical representation of the user, in video games or online, for instance.
“This pilot study showed that you don’t have to be a gamer to use virtual reality to learn some important skills for weight loss,” Melissa Napolitano, an associate professor of prevention and community health at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, said in a university news release.

Does drinking alcohol increase the risk of cancer?
American Cancer Society:
June 26, 2013
Do you enjoy an occasional, or even a daily, glass of wine, beer, or other drink that contains alcohol? Many adults do. Indeed, 37% of adults in the U.S. report drinking low to moderate amounts, which is, on average, up to 1 drink per day if you are a woman, and 2 drinks per day if you are a man. Another 28% of adults drink more each day, which is considered heavy drinking. A drink of alcohol is generally defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.
While low to moderate alcohol consumption is linked to a reduced risk of heart disease, drinking too much alcohol can increase risk of high blood pressure, heart failure, sudden death and stroke. Overall, alcohol consumption is one of the top 10 contributors to sickness and death from injuries, motor vehicle crashes, homicides and suicides, sexual assaults, sexually transmitted infections from unsafe sex, falls, birth defects, depression, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and sleep disorders.

Red meat tied to worse colon cancer outcomes: study
Reuters Health: July 1, 2013
People who report eating the most red and processed meat before being diagnosed with colon cancer are more likely to die during the next eight years, according to a new study.
“It’s another important reason to follow the guidelines to limit the intake of red and processed meat,” said Marjorie McCullough, the study’s lead author from the American Cancer Society in Atlanta.

Only half of U.S. youth meet physical activity standards, NIH study shows
National Institutes of Health: June 25, 2013
Few consume recommended daily amounts of fruits and vegetables.
Only about half of U.S. adolescents are physically active five or more days of the week, and fewer than 1 in 3 eat fruits and vegetables daily, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
In a survey of youth in 39 states, NIH researchers questioned nearly 10,000 students between 11 and 16 years old about their activity levels and eating habits. They also asked the students to describe their emotional health, body image, and general satisfaction with life.
“The students showed a surprising variability in eating patterns,” said lead author Ronald J. Iannotti, Ph.D., of the Prevention Research Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the NIH Institute in which the study was conducted. “But most — about 74 percent — did not have a healthy pattern.”

Studies Find Workplace and Financial Stress Lead to Poor Health Choices
ASPH Friday Letter
Two recent studies link workplace and financial stress with negative impacts on health behaviors, including smoking.

Impact of Sequestration and other Budget Changes on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDC 24/7.
The fact sheet details some of the direct impacts of the result of what amounts to a $580 million cut in program level dollars from FY 2012 to FY 2013. The fact sheet addresses effects on chronic disease prevention programs, existing grants, and on state and local health departments.

Who opposes e-cigarettes, and why?
The Economist
 Coverage of recent policy developments in France and Great Britain related to e-cigarettes, as well as links to information and articles from multiple perspectives on e-cigarettes.

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Highlights New “Smart Snacks in School” Standards
These new standards will ensure that school vending machines and snack bars include healthy choices.
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that under USDA’s new ” Smart Snacks in School” nutrition standards, America’s students will be offered healthier food options during the school day.

Sodium Intakes of US Children and Adults from Foods and Beverages by Location of Origin and by Specific Food Source
Pizza Largest Contributor to Sodium Intake in Young Americans, Study Finds
A recent study, published in the journal Nutrients, found that pizza was the single biggest contributor of sodium to the diet of young Americans during 2003–2008, accounting for 10.3% of sodium intake for participants aged 12–19 years and 8.3% for those aged 6–11 years. The study analyzed dietary intake data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and found that, for adults, chicken and chicken mixed dishes (7.3%), yeast breads (7.2%), and pizza (6.4%) were the top three sources of sodium, respectively. The study also found –

  • Children aged 6–11 obtained 61.4% of sodium from stores, 13.3% from Quick Service Restaurants (QSR), and 10.4% from school cafeterias.
  • Adolescents aged 12–19 obtained 58.7% of sodium from stores, 19.9% from QSR, 9.1% from Full Service Restaurants (FSR), and 6.0% from school meals.
  • Adults aged 20–50 obtained 58.1% of sodium from stores, 18.5% from QSR, and 13.3% from FSR.
  • Adults aged 51 and older obtained 65.2% of sodium from stores, 10.1% from QSR, and 13.3% from FSR.

The interim final rule: National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010
USDA Issues Interim Final Rule for Competitive Foods in Schools:
Today, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) issued the “Smart Snacks in School” nutrition standards through an interim final rule. Consistent with amendments made in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, the interim final rule establishes nutrition standards for foods sold in schools in à la carte, school stores, snack bars, or vending machines. The “Smart Snacks in School” nutrition standards apply to all foods sold outside school meal programs, on the school campus, and at any time during the school day. The interim final rule limits the sodium content of snacks to 230 mg per item as packaged or served. The sodium standard will be reduced to 200 mg per item as packaged or served on July 1, 2016. Entrée items are limited to no more than 480 mg of sodium per item as packaged or served, unless they qualify for an exemption.
More information:

Experts ID social factors tied to higher diabetes rates
Food intake patterns, changes in exercise and environmental factors contribute to the increased rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, a scientific statement in Diabetes Care indicated. “A public health approach to alter the environments in which we live, learn, and work in order to enable healthy behavior and healthy lifestyles and, therefore, to promote health and prevent disease may hold promise for making further progress against these epidemics [obesity and type 2 diabetes],” researchers said. News

Healthy Fats Reduce Prostate Cancer Spread
A new study suggests men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer may reduce the spread of the disease by eating a diet high in vegetable fats.

HPV Vaccine Proving Effective
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has decreased the incidence of the cancer-causing virus among teenage girls by 56 percent, despite being available since only 2006.


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