Tobacco- August 30, 2013

Tobacco

police cars

Great news from Beaverton/ Washington County!

Beaverton properties, events to go tobacco-free Sept. 1
The Oregonian: August 26, 2013
Beaverton will prohibit tobacco use on city-owned or leased properties and at city-sponsored events and venues starting Sept. 1. Tobacco use is already banned in city-owned buildings, but the restriction will be expanded to include entire city-owned properties. The ban extends to tobacco use inside private cars on city-owned or leased parking lots.

Resources

WITH FORMULA ONE MOVIE “RUSH” SET TO OPEN, PUBLIC HEALTH GROUPS AND STATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL HIGHLIGHT FILM’S TOBACCO USE AND BRAND DEPICTION IN PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS HARMFUL TO YOUNG AUDIENCES
Legacy and other public health groups joined state Attorneys General offices to call out the depiction of tobacco brand imagery and smoking in promotions for the movie Rush – coming out in September – citing its potential impact on tobacco use among youth. Research shows that more than 80% of current adult smokers start smoking in their teens, and tobacco images seen on screen are one of the largest independent risk factors for starting to smoke. Read more.

Tobacco cessation interventions for youth – a Cochrane Review.
While “there is not yet sufficient evidence to recommend widespread implementation of any one model …. complex approaches show promise, with some persistence of abstinence”.

Check out the Department of Defense’s new “Fight the Enemy” anti-tobacco countermarketing video campaign.

Reports and Articles

candy sigarettes

What’s Wrong With This Picture?
August 20, 2013
Remember candy cigarettes? Those chalky sweet sticks that kids used to play with and then “smoke” to mimic their cool older siblings or parents? It is easy to see why today’s kids might have a tough time discerning which products are candy and which ones are the real deal.

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children Aged 3‒19 Years With and Without Asthma in the United States, 1999‒2010
Key findings
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999‒2010

  • From 1999 to 2010, the percentage of children without asthma exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) decreased from 57.3% to 44.2%, while children with asthma showed no change, with 57.9% exposed to ETS in 1999‒2002 and 54.0% exposed in 2007‒2010.
  • In 2007‒2010, a higher percentage of children with asthma were exposed to ETS than children without asthma.
  • In 2007‒2010, children with asthma were more likely to be exposed to ETS than children without asthma, if they were girls, Mexican American, aged 6‒11 years, or had family income below 350% of the federal poverty guidelines.

Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has harmful effects on children’s respiratory health and has been linked to higher risk of middle ear infections, bronchitis and pneumonia, coughing and wheezing, worse lung function, and asthma development (1). Children with asthma whose parents smoke have more severe symptoms and more frequent exacerbations (1). National asthma guidelines recommend ETS exposure be minimized among persons with asthma (2). ETS exposure in children with and without asthma has not been directly compared in a national sample of the U.S. population. This report presents trends in ETS exposure in children with and without asthma from 1999 to 2010, and describes differences by sex, race and ethnicity, income, and age group in 2007–2010.

Trend alert: Jails turn to electronic cigarettes to raise money (AL, KY, TN)
County jail systems in southern states have started to sell e-cigarettes to inmates. The plans to sell electronic cigarettes in jails have been introduced in hopes of raising funds for the jail officers’ pay, while also cutting down on cigarette contraband. Reports from here to read more about e-cigarettes in Russell County, AL; Jessamine County, KY; Russell County, and Macon County, TN.

Cigafizz is a new nicotine delivery product that is being marketed as “a tobacco alternative in the form of a great tasting, patented, oral powder delivery system,” with the tagline “Pour Swish Swallow.” This new product is has been reported to the California Attorney General’s office for follow-up, and a Potential Tobacco Products Violations Report is being filed with FDA. Images of the product

In All Flavors, Cigars Draw in Young Smokers
New York Times.
While a 2009 federal law grants the Food and Drug Administration the authority to enforce a ban on flavored cigarettes, the agency has not yet asserted its regulatory authority over flavored cigars and other tobacco products.

Smoking Cessation Experts Weigh in On E-Cigarettes
August 21, 2013
E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that provide inhaled doses of nicotine vapors and flavorings.

How A Secretive Trade Deal Could Help American Tobacco Companies Hook New Smokers
August 23, 2013   Pretty soon, if U.S. representatives negotiating a secretive trade deal get their way, tariffs on tobacco in poor Asian countries will sink to zero — and those countries will have a hard time protecting their citizens against a tidal wave of cheaper cigarettes.

The University of California at San Francisco will go completely tobacco free as of September 3, 2013.
HERE is an insightful video commentary. As Stan Glantz says, “UCSF is a 21st century institution and tobacco use is a 20th century artifact that we’re leaving behind”.

The FDA Center for Tobacco Products has developed new guidance for the tobacco industry:  Compliance with Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco To Protect Children and Adolescents.
This guidance is intended to assist manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and others who sell cigarettes and/or smokeless tobacco in understanding the final regulations and explain what they should do in order to comply. Click HERE.   

From the Journal of Smoking Cessation, Cambridge Journals
Smokers Who Seek Help in Specialized Cessation Clinics: How Special are they Compared to Smokers in General Population? Click HERE.

New study details pervasiveness of little cigars and cigarillos in African American neighborhoods
American Journal of Public Health.
Key findings: Little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs) are significantly more likely to be available and are significantly cheaper in predominantly African American neighborhoods. Outdoor advertising is significantly more prominent in AA neighborhoods. Click here for a press release from Legacy, or click here to read the abstract of the study.

FDA Discusses Banning Online Sales of E-Cigarettes
Wall Street Journal.
FDA-CTP has recently engaged in Listening Sessions with e-cigarette companies at their request. According to FDA-CTP Director Mitch Zeller: “The FDA did not raise or weigh in on potential regulatory options—including any potential restrictions on e-cigarettes or any other particular product category—during these listening sessions. Any details about the agency’s intent to regulate additional categories of tobacco products will be made publicly available to all interested parties at the same time, through the issuance of a proposed rule.” Zeller stated in an interview that he expects the agency to release proposed regulations regarding e-cigarettes in October. (Note: corrections requested by FDA are stated at the end of the article).

Op-Ed: Why Is Obama Caving on Tobacco?
New York Times.
Michael Bloomberg critiques the Obama Administration for “bowing to pressure from the tobacco industry… in a move that would be a colossal public health mistake and potentially contribute to the deaths of tens of millions of people around the world.”
Related: A recent statement from several public health groups expressed disappointment with USTR’s decision, calling the decision a missed opportunity for the U.S. to lead global tobacco control efforts.

Doctors support raising the smoking age
(NY) – CNN.
If a New York City council proposal is approved and signed by Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the legal age to buy any form of tobacco would increase from 18 to 21.

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