Tobacco- January 10, 2014

Good Job Coo’s County- way to go Stephen!
TANGLED UP IN BLU: E-cigarettes are gaining in popularity, and agencies are rushing to regulate their use
NORTH BEND — The haze shrouding e-cigarettes has thickened in recent months.
So much so that the Coos County Public Health Department released a position statement on e-cigarettes last week.
Stephen (Brown, tobacco prevention program coordinator) had been getting inquiries about it,” said Nikki Zogg, department director. “We talked about putting out a position paper or policy statement and make recommendations to the commissioners.”

E-cigarettes are battery-powered and deliver pure nicotine through water vapor. They are about the same size as conventional cigarettes.

There are no state or federal laws regarding their use yet. But there are some jurisdictions, such as New York City, that have passed a law prohibiting smoking indoors. There also is a bill that may be proposed during Oregon’s 2014 legislative session, banning the sale of e-cigarettes to minors

Resources

Postdoctoral Fellowships in Tobacco Control Research
The Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education fellowships prepare individuals from a wide variety of backgrounds in medical, biological, social, behavioral, and policy sciences to join the next generation of academic leaders in tobacco control. The fellowships support two years of postdoctoral training in all aspects of tobacco control research. More here.

Reports and Articles
smoking

People with Mental Disorders more Likely to Use Alcohol, Drugs
Nature World News: January 2, 2014
Rates of smoking, drinking and substance use are higher in patients suffering from mental illness when compared with general population, a new study has found.
The study was conducted by researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis along with their colleagues at the University of Southern California.
The team looked at the data from 20,000 people, including 9,142 psychiatric patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or schizoaffective disorder.

Lung Cancer Incidence Trends Among Men and Women — United States, 2005–2009
The rate of new lung cancer cases decreased among men and women in the United States from 2005 to 2009. Continued attention to local, state, and national population-based tobacco prevention and control strategies are needed to achieve further reductions in tobacco use among both men and women of all ages to reduce lung cancer in the United States. Lung cancer incidence rates went down 2.6 percent per year among men, from 87 to 78 cases per 100,000 men and 1.1 percent per year among women, from 57 to 54 cases per 100,000 women. The fastest drop was among adults aged 35-44 years, decreasing 6.5 percent per year among men and 5.8 percent per year among women. Lung cancer incidence rates decreased more rapidly among men than among women in all age groups. Among adults aged 35-44 years, men had slightly lower rates of lung cancer incidence than women.
Attachments: PDF of the Jan. 8 MMWR; CDC Press Release, CDC Infographic
The online version of the article will be available after 1:00 PM (ET) on the CDC Web site at www.cdc.gov/mmwr.

Fifty Years after First Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health, Tobacco Advocacy Groups Pledge to ‘End the Tobacco Epidemic for Good’
RWJF
National tobacco control advocacy groups including the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids (CTFK), Americans for Non Smokers Rights, the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, and the American Lung and Heart Associations observed the 50th anniversary of the Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health by calling for “bold actions” to “end the tobacco epidemic for good.”
The historic 1964 Surgeons General’s report, the first of many since then that have documented specific health dangers from tobacco, was the first major report to link smoking to lung cancer. It was also a critical first step toward reducing smoking rates from close to 50 percent in 1964 to about 18 percent today, according to the advocacy groups. Significantly, a study published yesterday in JAMA, shows that from 1964 to 2012, at least 8 million premature, smoking-related deaths were prevented, and each of those eight million people gained, on average, 20 years of life. Even more significant, the study authors estimate that reductions in smoking contributed 30 percent of the increase in U.S. life expectancy in from 1964 to 2012.

Smoking Adds $17 Billion to Post-Surgery Costs Each Year
Smoking-related complications following surgery—for both current and former smokers—add an estimated $17 billion in direct U.S. medical costs each year, according to a new study in JAMA Surgery. The study, led by David Warner, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, looked at surgical patients between April 2008 and December 2009. While the costs for initial hospitalizations was relatively consistent for current smokers, former smokers and people who never smoked, post-surgery costs were an estimated $400 higher for current smokers and $273 higher for former smokers.

Tax increase doesn’t curb smokers’ habit
StatesmanJournal: January 9, 2014
On Jan. 1, the tax on a pack of cigarettes increased by 13 cents in Oregon, which puts the state almost in the middle of the nation in terms of its tobacco tax.
Smokers throughout the Mid-Valley, and the businesses supporting their habit, didn’t create much of a ruckus over the increase; in fact, few seemed to notice.
Oregon now ranks 28th among the states for its smokers’ tax of $1.31 per each standard 20-count package of cigarettes, according to the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.

STUDY: TOBACCO CONTROL HAS SAVED MILLIONS OF LIVES
Associated Press: January 7, 2014
Anti-smoking measures have saved roughly 8 million U.S. lives since a landmark 1964 report linking smoking and disease, a study estimates, yet the nation’s top disease detective says dozens of other countries do a better job on several efforts to cut tobacco use.

Check out our “Clearing the Air” podcast

Cynthia Hallett, Executive Director of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights, talks about the urgency to clear the air of secondhand smoke so everyone is equally protected from the negative health effects caused by smoking in the workplace.

Tripling tobacco tax ‘could prevent 200 million early deaths’
FoxNews: 2014
Tripling tobacco tax globally would cut smoking by a third and prevent 200 million premature deaths this century from lung cancer and other diseases, researchers said on Wednesday.
In a review in the New England Journal of Medicine, scientists from the charity Cancer Research UK (CRUK) said hiking taxes by a large amount per cigarette would encourage people to quit smoking altogether rather than switch to cheaper brands, and help stop young people from taking up the habit.

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