Tobacco- January 31, 2014

Reports and Articles
American Lung Association’s “State of Tobacco Control 2014” Report Calls on Oregon to Renew Its Commitment to Eliminate Tobacco-Caused Death and Disease
The Lund Report
Oregon Has Mixed Results in Working to Reduce Tobacco Use in 2013; tobacco use still leading cause of preventable death in Oregon
By: The American Lung Association in Oregon

Oregon took some steps forward to reduce tobacco use in some areas, but fell short in adequately funding prevention programs to protect children and curb tobacco-related disease in 2013.  Those were the findings of the American Lung Association’s “State of Tobacco Control 2014” report released today.   Fifty years since the first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health was issued on January 11, 1964, the Lung Association’s new report finds that Oregon and our nation as a whole must renew its commitment to eliminate tobacco-caused death and disease.

“Despite great strides in reducing smoking rates in America, tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable death and illness in the U.S., said Carrie Nyssen, Regional Director of Advocacy for the American Lung Association of the Mountain Pacific.  “We must renew our commitment to stopping tobacco from robbing another generation of Americans of their health and future. We cannot afford another 50 years of tobacco use,” Nyssen urged.

News Break: NPR reports…
“Tobacco Returns To The Bar, This Time Inside Cocktails”
Take a sip of the Oaxacan Fizz at Father’s Office in Los Angeles and you’ll discover the unmistakable taste of tobacco. That’s because this cocktail is sweetened with a small amount of tobacco-infused sugar syrup.

“A lot of people say, ‘I only smoke when I drink,'” says chef-owner Sang Yoon. “We say, ‘Now you can do both.'”

Mixologists are helping tipplers enjoy tobacco even as smoking bans spread to more than half the states in the U.S. Though some may drink the cocktail in search of a buzz, mixologists say tobacco adds an unexpected flavor profile that pairs well with dark liquors.

Creating the tobacco syrup was a trial and error process for Yoon. “We took a Marlboro Lights cigarette apart and tried doing an infusion, which turned out to be horrible,” he says. “We tried chopping up cigars; that tasted horrifying. We tried snuff, which didn’t work.” Pipe tobacco was ultimately the winner. “It’s much sweeter aromatically and on the palate,” he says. And it echoes the smoky elements of the San Juan Del Rio mezcal, which forms the drink’s backbone.

Loose pipe tobaccos generally lack many, if not all, of the approximately 600 ingredients which are added to most cigarette tobaccos, including cancer-causing chemicals like tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic and benzene. Though there are plenty of completely additive-free pipe tobaccos on the market, many do include natural and artificial flavorings, sweeteners, and anti-drying agents to extend shelf life. In general, however, pipe tobacco offers mixologists tobacco in its purest form, with the cleanest flavor. READ MORE.

Lung cancer incidence trends among men and women — United States, 2005–2009MMWR. Key findings: Lung cancer incidence rates declined nearly 3% per year among men and about 1% per year among women from 2005 to 2009; tobacco control efforts were a main contributor to this trend. Read more: Washington Post article and CDC press release.

Beliefs and experimentation with electronic cigarettes: A prospective analysis among young adultsAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine. Key findings: One year after entering a longitudinal study, 11.9% of people who had quit smoking before the study started were using e-cigarettes at the end as were 2.9% of people who had never smoked.  For these people, e-cigarettes were a pathway to renewed or new nicotine addiction.

Trends in smoking among adults with mental illness and association between mental health treatment and smoking cessationJAMA. Key findings: Between 2004 and 2011, the decline in smoking among individuals with mental illness was significantly less than among those without mental illness. This suggests that tobacco control policies and cessation interventions targeting the general population have not worked as effectively for persons with mental illness.

Global effects of smoking, of quitting, and of taxing tobaccoNEJM. Key findings: If current smoking patterns persist, tobacco will kill about 1 billion people this century, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Tripling tobacco tax globally would cut smoking by a third and prevent 200 million premature deaths this century from lung cancer and other diseases. Read more: Tripling tobacco tax ‘could prevent 200 million early deaths’ – Reuters.



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