Healthy Communities- May 9, 2014

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This Mother’s Day, Help Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes Take Steps to Prevent or Delay Type 2 Diabetes
In support of Mother’s Day (May 11) and National Women’s Health Week (May 11–17), the National Diabetes Education Program is reminding women with a history of gestational diabetes about their lifelong risk for getting type 2 diabetes. Visit www.YourDiabetesInfo.org/GDM for resources you can use to raise awareness about gestational diabetes.

Resources
brisk walk

Exercise is Medicine® Month.
According to the Association College of Sports Medicine, “Starting a physical activity program can be as simple as taking a brisk walk each day and gradually building up frequency and duration. Patients are also encouraged to talk to their health care provider for an exercise prescription if additional advice and guidance are needed.”  For a toolkit.

Reports and Articles

unsafewalking Dangerous by Design 2014
Every day, in communities across the country, people are killed while walking to school, to work or to the store. Many of these lives could be saved by building and operating streets that work for everyone who uses them.On Tuesday, May 20, Smart Growth America’s National Complete Streets Coalition will release the report which brings attention to the national epidemic of pedestrian fatalities and the decades-long neglect of pedestrian safety
The 2014 edition will rank the country’s major metropolitan areas using a Pedestrian Danger Index, which assesses the likelihood that a person walking will be hit by a driver of a vehicle, and by looking at the overall percentage of traffic deaths suffered by people walking. In addition, it will make specific recommendations at the national and state levels to improve safety, including Complete Streets practices that ensure streets are built and operated for the safety of all road users.

Modes Less Traveled—Bicycling and Walking to Work in the United States: 2008–2012
American Community Survey Report
Bicycling and walking make up a relatively small portion of community activity in the United States, but these nonmotorized travel modes play important roles within many of the nation’s local transportation systems. Infrastructure that supports bicycling and walking expands transportation options and may complement other forms of transportation by supplementing segments of trips. Several state and local agencies have taken steps to promote pedestrian and bicycle travel. Strategies to accommodate nonmotorized travel vary across communities, but may include sidewalk modifications, pedestrian-oriented commercial centers, or bicycle lanes to name a few.

The National Physical Activity Plan (NPAP*) today released the 2014 U.S. Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth
The primary goal of the 2014 U.S. Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth (the Report Card) is to assess levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in American children and youth, facilitators and barriers for physical activity, and related health outcomes. The Report Card is an authoritative, evidence-based document providing a comprehensive evaluation of the physical activity levels and the indicators influencing physical activity among children and youth in the United States (U.S.).

The Report Card takes an “ecological approach” to the problem of physical inactivity. The Ecological Model of Active Living illustrates how policy and the environment influence active behavior, including transportation, occupation, household, and recreation. Tracking these behaviors across the multiple levels of influence (policy, behavior settings, perceived environment, and intrapersonal factors) reveals how components within each level can influence active living. Recognizing and understanding how multiple levels of influence can affect behavior change toward a more active lifestyle is imperative to plan effective interventions and programs.
*NPAP is a coalition of national organizations including CDC, Active Living Research, AHA, and others.

Nike launches on-campus bike share system
BikePortland.org: May 2, 2014
For a thriving sportswear giant, Nike has seemed oddly unplugged from the active transportation revolution of the last decade. But this week, things changed a little in its Beaverton backyard.
The fast-growing company is following many companies that operate on suburban campuses by launching a corporate bike share system that’ll help employees zip among its buildings, according to a reader familiar with Nike’s campus.

Meeting goals for 6 disease risk factors may prevent 37M premature deaths worldwide
Meeting established goals for noncommunicable disease risk factors, including hypertension, high blood glucose and obesity, will substantially cut the risk of early mortality associated with cancer, respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, researchers wrote in The Lancet. Researchers also found that meeting targets for the risk factors they analyzed could prevent more than 37 million premature deaths over a 15-year period. Medical News Today

cycling The Rise of Bicycling in Smaller and Midsize U.S. Cities
The Atlantic Cities
Many major U.S. cities have experienced large increases in cycling over the past two decades. From 1990 to 2012, the share of commuters cycling to work more than tripled in New York, Chicago, Washington, San Francisco, Portland, Denver, and Minneapolis, and more than doubled in many more cities. Throughout the country, cities have invested in the expansion and improvement of their bike networks. They’ve built bike paths and traditional on-street bike lanes, created innovative “cycle tracks” that protect riders from car traffic, installed bike racks on buses and parking at rail stations to facilitate bike-transit integration, launched pro-bike programs such as Ciclovías (open street events) or bike-to-work and school days, and launched bike-sharing systems to make short-term usage convenient and affordable throughout the city.

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