Reports and Articles
Domestic Violence Victims More Likely to Take Up Smoking
RWJF; May 9th
A new study in 29 low and middle-income countries by researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University links intimate partner violence (IPV) with smoking. The researchers examined the association between IPV and smoking among 231,892 women ages 15-29 data collected from health surveys. Reports of IPV ranged from 9 to 63 percent, and using a meta-analysis that accounted for other factors including age, education, and household wealth, the researchers found a 58 percent increased risk for smoking among the women who experienced IPV. The study points to a specific need for investments to help IPV victims avoid tobacco, according to the researchers, who suggest that information about the consequences of smoking, motivation to quit smoking and smoking-cessation treatments could be incorporated into IPV treatment by health care providers who routinely interact with IPV victims. Read more on violence.
How e-cigarettes are harming Oregon kids in an unexpected way
Portland Business Journal: May 12, 2014
Turns out those e-cigarettes being sold throughout Portland may not be all that safe.
From January through March, 19 cases have come through the Oregon Poison Center at Oregon Health & Science University related to electronic cigarettes. Of those, nine involved children who ingested an adult’s cartridge refill. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting.
ADHD Treatment Linked to Lower Smoking Rates
Treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with stimulant medication may reduce smoking risk, especially when the medication is taken consistently, according to an analysis of 14 studies published in Pediatrics. The studies evaluated by the researchers were longitudinal studies of cigarette smoking and ADHD treatment which included 2,360 individuals with ADHD; this is the largest meta-analysis on the issue to date, according to the study authors. The researchers looked at data on nicotine dependence, smoking frequency and whether study participants smoked at the time of the study, and found a significant association between stimulant treatment and lower smoking rates. The effect was larger in those with more severe ADHD and when participants took stimulant medications continuously. The researchers say more studies are needed to determine the recommended timing and duration of stimulant treatment to help lower smoking risk. Read more on tobacco.
E-Cigs Still Produce Carcinogens, Study Shows
TIME: May 7, 2014
New research suggests that some e-cigarettes get hot enough to produce cancer-causing compounds
Vaping may not be the benign drug-delivery system some have thought. E-cigarettes are touted by some to help people curb smokers’ conventional cigarette habit, but new research suggests e-cigs can still produce carcinogens.
New York lawmakers mulling e-cigarette ban in indoor public places
TechTimes: May 11, 2014
New York State lawmakers are expected Monday to consider including e-cigarettes in the state’s indoor smoking ban with a Senate health committee reportedly holding a hearing on the proposal.
New York City has already taken similar action, as has Chicago in April.
The e-cigarette ban proposal is to be discussed by both opponents and advocates of the ban during the Monday hearing, according to newreports.
Senators Warn of Carcinogen Risk with E-Cigarettes
Sci-Tech Today: May 9, 104
Democratic lawmakers say the FDA should work to protect e-cigarette users and those nearby from cancer-causing vapors apparently produced by high-powered nicotine devices, known as tank systems. Studies suggest that these devices get hot enough to produce toxic chemicals like formaldehyde, a carcinogen also found in cigarettes.
Eight members of the U.S. Senate are calling on the Food and Drug Administration to examine new research suggesting that some electronic cigarettes can produce dangerous carcinogens similar to those from traditional cigarettes.
In a letter sent Thursday, the Democratic lawmakers say that the FDA should work to protect e-cigarette users and those nearby from cancer-causing vapors apparently produced by high-powered nicotine devices, known as tank systems.
Portland considering smoking ban in more than 200 public parks: Portland City Hall Roundup
OregonLive.com: May 9, 2014
Portland is considering a smoking ban in all city parks, according to Commissioner Amanda Fritz’s office.
The parks board, a volunteer citizen-run advisory group, is examining what it would take to ban cigarettes and other smokable tobacco products in the city’s public parks. The board has discussed a potential ban several times this year, most recently at a meeting Wednesday.Fritz asked the board to look at a potential ban.
The parks board appointed a committee to analyze whether a ban was necessary and what a policy might look like. “We’re just trying to get our facts and information down,” said Andy Nelson, board chairman.
Enforcing a potential ban could be difficult, given that the bureau employs roughly two dozen park rangers to cover more than 200 parks.