Tobacco- January 9, 2015

Lane County bans sales of e-cigarettes to children; decision affects 59 stores
The Oregonian
EUGENE — Lane County commissioners have voted to outlaw the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors.
The prohibition is part of a broader anti-tobacco measure approved Tuesday on a 3-2 vote.
The measure applies only in unincorporated parts of the county, but county officials said they hope cities take their cue from it, the EugeneRegister-Guard reported. Lane County’s two major cities are Eugene and Springfield
The county says 59 retailers would be governed by the rules. About 250 other retailers inside cities won’t be.

Reports and Articles
ecig fluid

Health Org Launches New Resource To Help American Indians Quit Smoking
Early next year, a Denver-based health organization will launch the very first telephone quit line specifically for American Indians looking to stop smoking tobacco. The service will be available in Wyoming and several other states.
National Jewish Health in Denver has been operating successful telephone quitlines for more than a decade. But with quit rates flat-lining, the group has decided to target a specific demographic with its American Indian Commercial Tobacco Program.

About 1 in 4 mental health treatment facilities offer services to quit smoking.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration – Nov. 25, 2014
Only 24.2% of the nation’s 9,048 mental health treatment facilities that responded to the survey question about smoking cessation programs actually offered services to quit smoking.

Smoking Cessation Does Not Interfere With Recovery From Substance Use.
National Institute on Drug Abuse – Oct. 30, 2014
Smoking cessation appears unlikely to hinder and may even help recovery from substance use disorders and from mood and anxiety disorders.

Child in New York dies after consuming nicotine-infused e-cigarette liquid
Health authorities have warned that the accessibility of e-cigarette liquid, which can be purchased by anyone in many states, poses a threat to children. Now the nicotine-infused liquid has taken the life of a toddler.
A boy in New York state has died after ingesting the substance.
The New York Daily News reported that the 1-year-old boy may be the first such casualty in the United States.
He was rushed to the hospital on Tuesday after being found unconscious at his home in upstate New York and was pronounced dead a short time later.
It’s unclear how the boy, who has not been named, obtained the liquid.
The liquids are infused with candy-like flavors that have the same chemical profile as the real thing, according to a study by Portland State University Professor James Pankow.

Race to Deliver Nicotine’s Punch, With Less Risk
NYT 12.24.14
The rush by Philip Morris and other tobacco companies to develop new ways of selling nicotine is occurring as more consumers are trying e-cigarettes, devices that heat a nicotine-containing fluid to create a vapor that users inhale. While only a small percentage of smokers have switched to the devices — experts say early e-cigarettes did not deliver enough nicotine to satisfy a smoker’s cravings — major tobacco companies are deploying their financial resources and knowledge in a bid to dominate a potentially huge market for cigarette alternatives.

Cytisine versus Nicotine for Smoking Cessation
Placebo-controlled trials indicate that cytisine, a partial agonist that binds the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and is used for smoking cessation, almost doubles the chances of quitting at 6 months. We investigated whether cytisine was at least as effective as nicotine-replacement therapy in helping smokers to quit.

Survey finds e-cigarettes surpass regular smoking for U.S. teens
NPR News
The government’s annual drug use survey finds that electronic cigarettes have surpassed traditional smoking in popularity among teens.
The National Institutes of Health report says tobacco smoking by teens dropped to new lows. Just 4 percent of eighth-graders said they had smoked a traditional cigarette in the previous month, but nearly 9 percent said they’d used an e-cigarette. And use increased with age. Seventeen percent of high school seniors said they’d used an e-cigarette.
Researchers call the popularity of e-cigarettes surprising. University of Michigan professor Lloyd Johnston leads the annual Monitoring the Future survey. He says he’s worried that the progress made over the last two decades to cut smoking “could be reversed” by the introduction of e-cigarettes.

Teen prescription opioid abuse, cigarette, and alcohol use trends down
Use of cigarettes, alcohol, and abuse of prescription pain relievers among teens has declined since 2013 while marijuana use rates were stable, according to the 2014 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey, released today by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). However, use of e-cigarettes, measured in the report for the first time, is high.

Are states spending enough on tobacco control and prevention?
(The Washington Post) — Despite collecting billions in tobacco-related revenues, states plan to
spend relatively little on control and prevention programs in the 2015 fiscal year.

States this fiscal year are expected to collect $25.6 billion in revenues from payouts from the blockbuster 1998 tobacco settlement as well as tobacco taxes, according to a new report, by a coalition of groups opposed to smoking. The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention recommends states spend $3.3 billion overall on control and prevention. Yet states only have plans to spend $490 million—the equivalent of about 15 percent of the CDC-recommended amount and 2 percent of the tobacco-related revenues.



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