Healthy Communities- February 6, 2015

Resources

tanning bed_2New CDC Resource:  “Promising Policies and Practices for Cancer Prevention: Indoor Tanning among Minors”
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and is a serious public health concern. Indoor tanning in particular may expose users to excessive levels of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which are not only harmful but also easily avoidable.

The public health community plays an important role in protecting young people from the harms of indoor tanning, and this publication includes steps that Comprehensive Cancer Control Programs may consider taking in their communities to address this issue.   Use this resource to explore skin cancer prevention opportunities in your community and share it with others who may be interested or benefit from the information.

By incorporating the scientific evidence and lessons learned from local, state, national, and international public health communities, we can coordinate our efforts and best use our resources to protect the future health of today’s youth.  Click on link to access PDF of resource:   Promising Policies and Practices for Cancer Prevention: Indoor Tanning among Minors

Reports and Articles
low income children New report: 4 in 10 American children live in low-income families
MNT: January, 2015
Four out of every ten American children live in low-income families, according to new research from the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. This finding from the 2015 edition of the center’s Basic Facts about Low-Income Children fact sheet series underscores the magnitude of the problem of family economic insecurity and child poverty in the United States. Analyzing the latest available U.S. Census data, NCCP researchers find that 44 percent of children under age 18 lived in low-income families in 2013, and 22 percent lived in poor families. Low-income families are defined as those with incomes less than two times the Federal Poverty Threshold (about $47,000 for a family of four with two children) and poor families are defined as those with incomes below the threshold (about $24,000 for a family of four with two children).

Girls who drink sugary drinks every day may start periods early
MNT
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been associated with increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Now, a new study finds girls who frequently drink such beverages are likely to start menstruation earlier than those who do not consume sugary drinks, potentially putting them at higher risk of breast cancer.
The research team, led by Karin Michels, associate professor at Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA, publishes their findings in the journal Human Reproduction.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately half of the US population consumes sugary drinks on any given day, including around 60% of females aged 2-19 years.

Diabetes Patients Lax With Meds If Diagnosed With Cancer, Study Finds
Medline Plus
People with diabetes are less likely to take their diabetes medications if they’ve been diagnosed with cancer, researchers report.

The new study included more than 16,000 diabetes patients, average age 68, taking drugs to lower their blood sugar. Of those patients, more than 3,200 were diagnosed with cancer.
“This study revealed that the medication adherence among users of [blood sugar-lowering drugs] was influenced by cancer diagnosis,” the researchers wrote.

Street Design Linked to Health Outcomes
A new paper published by researchers at the University of Colorado Denver and the University of Connecticut, explores links between specific characteristics of street networks and health outcomes, such as obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Findings in the report, Community Design, Street Networks, and Public Health, show that the design of street grids may have a larger impact on health outcomes than previous research suggested.   Learn more.

Mobile Monitoring of Blood Glucose Is Approved
New York Times
The FDA approved a set of mobile medical applications that allow people with diabetes to share information about the level of glucose in their blood with doctors in real time using an iPhone

PSU professor finds formaldehyde in e-cigarettes
OPB
Since e-cigarettes took over the outdoor patios of bars and coffee shops all over the country, the perception that they’re safer than tobacco cigarettes only seems to have grown. But David Peyton, a chemistry professor at Portland State University, says his new studyshould at least give users pause.

Fairview council moves forward on e-cigarette restrictions
Outlook January 23, 2015
The city of Fairview is taking decisive steps to severely restrict the use of e-cigarettes within the city limits.
The City Council, at its meeting Wednesday, Jan. 21, discussed the possibility of declaring an immediate emergency and enacting an ordinance restricting the use of e-cigarettes. But instead Mayor Ted Tosterud directed staff to simply amend the ordinance to declare an emergency at the second reading, scheduled for Feb. 4.
The emergency clause means the ordinance would go into effect immediately, instead of 30 days after the approval.
This decision followed a presentation by the Multnomah County Health Department concerning the use of e-cigarettes.

Citizens speak for, against a ‘smoke-free’ St. Helens
South County Spotlight
More than two dozen members of the public turned out for a public forum at St. Helens City Hall to discuss tobacco use and options the city could pursue toward becoming a “smoke-free community” Wednesday evening

Pizza Takes a Slice Out of Kids’ Health, Study Finds
Health Day January, 2015
On the days your kids eat pizza, they likely take in more calories, fat and sodium than on other days, a new study found.
On any given day in the United States in 2009-10, one in five young children and nearly one in four teens ate pizza for a meal or snack, researchers found.

NICE recommends Jardiance (empagliflozin) for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes to improve glycaemic control in adults
MNT
The Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly Diabetes Alliance announced today that the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued its Final Appraisal Determination1 (FAD) recommending Jardiance (empagliflozin) for use within the National Health Service (NHS England) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes as follows:-

1.1 Empagliflozin in a dual therapy regimen in combination with metformin is recommended as an option for treating type 2 diabetes, only if:

  • a sulfonylurea is contraindicated or not tolerated, or
  • the person is at significant risk of hypoglycaemia or its consequences.

Health consciousness: do consumers believe healthy food always tastes bad?
MNT
Why are health awareness campaigns failing to reduce skyrocketing obesity rates? According to a new study in the Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, consumers continue to make their eating decisions based on taste alone.

“Despite a recent trend toward healthy eating behaviors, many consumers still tend to overconsume unhealthy foods because of two facts that work in combination,” write authors Robert Mai and Stefan Hoffmann (Kiel University, Germany). “Unhealthy is widely associated with being tasty, and taste is the main driver of food decisions. There is little research on the conflict between healthiness and tastiness.”

High Cholesterol Takes Its Toll Over Time
New York Times
Having high cholesterol in your 30s and 40s increases your risk for heart disease, and the longer it stays elevated, the greater the risk, a new study reports.

Researchers studied 1,478 people, average age 55, who were free of cardiovascular disease. All had had their cholesterol levels measured periodically over the previous 20 years. The scientists followed the group for the next 15 years, during which 155 developed cardiovascular disease.

The study, published Monday in Circulation, recorded how many years each of the subjects had had elevated cholesterol levels. (The researchers measured non-HDL cholesterol levels, or total cholesterol minus HDL, with a level of 160 or above considered high.)

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