Reports and Articles
Willamalane approves smoke-free parks policy
SPRINGFIELD — All Willamalane parks will go smoke-free starting Oct. 1.
The Willamalane Park and Recreation District Board approved the policy change at its meeting Wednesday night. The vote was unanimous. Two members were absent.
“This action ties into our mission and goals of promoting health and well-being, and heightens the positive experience of being outdoors, breathing fresh air and enjoying every aspect and every acre of our park system,” Superintendent Bob Keefer said in a statement.
The district previously had banned smoking within 50 feet of all district-owned buildings, as well as playgrounds, athletic fields and courts, dog and skate parks, and picnic shelters.
Report Shows Some Tobacco Retailers Are Not Following The Law
The Selling of Tobacco In Multnomah County report shows tobacco products are easily accessible to youth and more prevalent in neighborhoods with high percentages of people of color. The report looked at 411 retailers — how they advertise tobacco products, where the products are placed, and what kinds of products they sell, in addition to other factors. Researchers found some stores were out of compliance with existing laws prohibiting sales to minors as well as the sale of individual cigarettes, among other regulations. The report could lead to licensing requirements for tobacco retailers. Oregon does not currently require a license to sell tobacco products.
Sociodemographic Disaprities in Local Smoke-Free Law Coverage in 10 States (American Journal of Public Health)
Researchers examined community-level characteristics of residents covered by local smoke-free laws, compared to those not covered by such laws, to determine whether certain populations are less likely than others to be covered by local smoke-free laws. The ten states included in the study were Alabama, Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas and West Virginia. These states lacked a statewide comprehensive smoke-free law covering non-hospitality workplaces, restaurants and bars through July 2011; however, they had at least 8 local communities with such laws. The researchers found that across several states, communities with less-educated, lower-income residents had a lower likelihood of having 100 percent smoke free laws. Localities with a high proportion of workers living and working in the same locality had a higher likelihood of having 100 percent smoke free laws
E-cigarettes may be as addictive as traditional ones
Electronic cigarettes or “e-cigs” have been touted as a tool smokers can use to wean themselves off of traditional cigarettes, which many believe are more harmful than their “e” counterparts. But because e-cig liquid also contains nicotine and emits carcinogens, is that perception really true? One team now reports in the ACS journal Chemical Research in Toxicology that much of the nicotine in e-cigarettes is the addictive form of the compound.
Young women increasingly attracted to social smoking
The study, of 9,789 women aged between 18 and 25 years who took part in the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health in the United States, was conducted by Xiaoyin Li and coauthors and published by the CDC in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease.
The researchers say that although any level of smoking is harmful to young women’s health, light smoking has become more attractive among young females emerging into adulthood.
Researchers find Massachusetts schools are improving food options
Their findings — that the legislative action led to significant improvements in the competitive foods and beverages available in schools — is encouraging
In 2012, Massachusetts adopted comprehensive standards to improve the healthy food options available in middle schools and high schools. One year after implementation, a research team that includes Northeastern associate professor Jessica Hoffman examined compliance with the standards in 74 schools across the commonwealth.
Among the most impressive findings, the team found that before implementation, at the middle school level, just 13 percent of competitive foods would have met the standards. One year after implementation that number rose to 69 per-cent. At the high school level, competitive beverages that met the standards pre-implementation were 28 percent, but skyrocketed to 80 percent.
The study, the researchers say, can serve as an example for states nationwide and is the first to shed light on how schools can successfully implement food standards similar to the recommendations from the Institutes of Medicine and the federal Smart Snacks in Schools standards.