April 4-10 is the National Public Health Week and an opportunity to promote the public health system in Oregon, provide networking and learning for public health professionals, and highlight timely public health issues. Join the Oregon Public Health Division in celebrating Public Health Week 2016!
The United States has become increasingly diverse in the last century. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, approximately 36 percent of the population belongs to a racial or ethnic minority group. Though health indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality have improved for most Americans, some minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities. Visit CDC website to find resources on health equity issues.
Public Health 3.0
Read the attached two-page article Public Health 3 0 about a changing landscape for public health published in the American Journal of Public Health. The article is authored by Karen B. DeSalvo, Acting Assistant Secretary for Health with the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Patrick W. O’Carroll, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health with U.S. HHS.
The first Wednesday in April is National Walking Day – wear your sneakers (or take them with you) to work and at some point in the day, take a 30 minute walk. Remind people about the health benefits of taking a walk:
- Adults need at least 2 and 1/2 hours (150 minutes) a week of aerobic physical activity. This should be at a moderate level, such as a fast-paced walk for no less than 10 minutes at a time.
- Women and older adults are not as likely to get the recommended level of weekly physical activity.
- Inactive adults have higher risk for early death, heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, and some cancers.
- Regular physical activity helps people get and keep a healthy weight.
- Walkable communities result in more physical activity.
Annual County Health Rankings provide a snapshot of how health is influenced by where we live, learn, work and play, and provide a starting point for communities to move from education to action. The newly released 2016 County Health Rankings Report provides an easy to use picture comparing the overall health of nearly every county in the nation. Find out how healthy your county is and explore factors that drive your health.
CDC Supplement Report, Health Disparities and Inequalities
The CDC has published a supplement to the CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report that highlights successful programs that seek to reduce health disparities in the United States. “Reducing and eliminating health disparities is fundamental to building a healthier nation,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, MPH. “With science-based and effective interventions, we can close health disparity gaps in America.” To read the supplement report, and view other relevant CDC resources, please click here.
Achieving health equity through urban planning
APHA and the American Planning Association are partnering in the Plan4Health program to build sustainable coalitions in 35 communities. Leveraging grants totaling $2.25 million annually, APHA members, Affiliates, APA members and local agencies and organizations are developing strategies to improve health equity in two focus areas: nutrition and physical activity. Plans include everything from walkable and bikeable streets to shared use plans for community facilities and mobile vegetable carts (think healthy ice cream truck). Read their plans, follow their progress and hear their success stories
Increasing graduation rates leads to lifelong health
Studies show that on time high school graduation is directly linked to healthier lives. APHA’s Center for School Health and Education champions school based health care to address the social factors that increase physical, behavioral and mental health risks and create barriers to educational success. The Center provides professional development and technical assistance to representatives of school-based health centers and their school partners in some of the most challenged school districts in California, Ohio, Oregon, Georgia, Virginia, Nebraska and Washington, D.C. Learn more
These resources include profiles of the high obesity counties in the Programs to Reduce Obesity in High Obesity Areas (High Obesity Program), a factsheet on community support for breastfeeding, and State Program Highlights for Physical Activity and Early Care and Education.
New Resources from ChangeLab Solutions: Reducing Sodium – The Health and Business Benefits
We all need some salt to survive. But consuming too much sodium negatively affects our health, leading to more visits to the doctor, more sick days, and reduced productivity in the workplace. Employers can help promote health by providing employees with lower-sodium foods. These efforts benefit business, too: employers can save money, and potentially increase revenue, by helping their employees eat less sodium. The resources listed below explain the health benefits of reducing sodium and provide businesses and public health professionals with facts about consumer preferences, financial costs, and feasibility. Each resource provides real-world examples from businesses that have successfully reduced sodium in the foods they offer.
- The Shakedown On Sodium fact sheet discusses how institutions can use cost-effective strategies such as group purchasing to buy lower-sodium products at more affordable prices.
- Sodium-Reduction Talking Points for Public Health provides quick responses to the perceived barriers employers identify in conversations about offering lower-sodium foods.
- The Pass (on) the Salt webinar discusses the business rationales for reducing sodium.
- The A Strategy Worth Its Salt webinar provides an introduction to group purchasing.
Click here for more resources on creating healthier food environments.
Only 2.7 percent of U.S. adults live healthy lifestyles
Researchers from Oregon State University and the University of Mississippi found that only 2.7 percent of adults nationwide have all four basic healthy characteristics, a new study found. The report, completed by researchers at Oregon State University and other universities, examined if adults were successful in four areas that fit typical advice for a “healthy lifestyle”– moderate exercise, a good diet, not smoking and having a recommended body fat percentage. Fulfilling those characteristics reflects a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes and other health problems, according to a news release from Oregon State. The study looked at 4,745 people from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Researchers used an accelerometer device to gauge movement with a target of 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity each week. Blood samples confirmed if a person was a non-smoker and body fat was measured using x-ray technology. Diet was defined as being within the top 40 percent of people who consumed foods suggested by the United States Department of Agriculture. Read more…
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans were created by the US Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture and were updated in 2016. The guidelines are intended to help Americans make healthier food and beverage choices. Read this article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) for more information on the issues relating to sugars and added sugars. Another JAMA article provides tips for how to spot and limit intake of added sugars.
Farm to school works!
The results of the 2015 USDA Farm to School Census have been tallied. Check out these Census highlights:
- National overview statistics
- State by state summaries including the dollars invested locally in each state and shout outs to select high performing school districts.
- Full details on every school district that responded to the Census.
- Interactive social media links so you can share results with your networks; look for and click on the white circle in the lower right hand corner of select pages.
- Grab and go graphs and charts; just right click on any graph or chart to save to your own desktop.
- A photo gallery showcasing the great work of USDA Farm to School grantees.
Measuring how transportation affects health
APHA partnered with the U.S. Department of Transportation and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to create a simple-to-use tool to measure the health impact of transportation decisions. The tool shows how specific geographic areas perform in terms of health and transportation. It also gives transportation officials and policymakers strategies to improve health outcomes in their community. See how your community performs
National Nutrition Month Promotion Kit
Interested in promoting healthy eating during National Nutrition Month? Check out the National Nutrition Month® Promo Kit with sample messages that can be added to your website, e-newsletters, and social media channels.
First-of-its-Kind PSA Campaign Targets the 86 Million American Adults with Prediabetes!
Eighty-six million US adults have prediabetes, and 90% of them don’t know they have it. With prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes puts people at elevated risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Awareness and diagnosis are key. Research shows that once people are aware of their condition, they are much more likely to make the necessary lifestyle changes.
To raise awareness and help people with prediabetes know where they stand and how to prevent type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the American Medical Association (AMA), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) partnered with the Ad Council to launch the first national public service announcement (PSA) campaign about prediabetes. Learn more at Do I Have Prediabetes.