Tobacco – August 11, 2016

CDC Releases Updated Data on Disparities in Adult Smoking

A new Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report provides updated estimates of cigarette smoking by race and ethnicity among U.S. adults at least 18 years of age. The data was sourced from 2002-2005 and 2010-2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health results. Although there were significant declines in smoking rates among whites, blacks, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Central and South Americans, this trend did not apply to all subgroups. While aggregate data shows lower smoking prevalence among Asians (10.9%) and Hispanics (19.9%), the findings highlight disproportionately higher prevalence among Koreans (26.6%) and Puerto Ricans (28.5%). American Indians and Alaska Natives were found to have the highest smoking prevalence (38.9%). These disparities point to the need to tailor evidence-based tobacco control strategies toward groups with the highest smoking prevalence.

The TCN policy recommendations

The Tobacco Control Network (TCN) released the 2016 TCN Policy Recommendations. The Recommendations reflect the Network’s priorities and declare a vision and direction for those policy and system changes which the TCN believes are most important to reducing and eliminating the health issues caused by tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.

tob tax

Updated information about adult tobacco use

Based on data from the 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey, a new CDC report indicates that 21.3%  of U.S. adults used a tobacco product every day or some days. Cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product during 2013-2014, though use has been declining. The report points to the continued need for evidence- and population-based interventions to reduce tobacco use and related death and disease.

Tobacco is not an equal opportunity killer

Individuals in certain communities are at more risk to become smokers and suffer from tobacco-related disease and death. Social and economic differences, historical factors and cultural practices have all contributed to higher rates of tobacco use and related disease in some populations. Despite decades of progress reducing tobacco use, recent data from the CDC indicates that people with less education and lower incomes are still using tobacco at alarming rates. Read more about economics of tobacco use.

Quit-Before-It-Kill-You

Raising the tobacco age to 21

Since most tobacco users start before 18, and nearly all start before age 25, raising the minimum age of sale for cigarettes and all tobacco products to 21 is a critical tool that can help end the tobacco epidemic. Lean more about why the Truth Initiative strongly supports Tobacco-21 and what other policies and measures contribute to decreasing tobacco use among youth and in the population generally.

Reducing smoking reduces suicidality among individuals with psychosis: Complementary outcomes from a Healthy Lifestyles intervention study

This study suggests that smoking interventions may have benefits over and above those for improved physical health, by reducing suicidal ideation in people with psychosis.

Use of multiple tobacco products in a national sample of persons enrolled in addiction treatment

Heavier smokers and those trying to quit may be more likely to use e-cigarettes, little filtered cigars, or smokeless tobacco and have greater susceptibility to their advertising. Read more about the importance of regulating advertising related to smoking cessation as their effectiveness for this purpose has not been demonstrated.

Who smokes menthols?

Menthol smokers are more likely to be female, black or Hispanic, or identify as LGBT compared to non-menthol smokers. Those are the latest findings from Truth Initiative’s Young Adult Cohort Study.menthol_

Efforts to Ban Menthol and Flavored Tobacco Products

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) has taken historical measures during its annual convention as delegates adopted a resolution supporting efforts to restrict the sale of menthol cigarettes and other flavored tobacco products. This resolution aims to support state and local restrictions on these products, which Big Tobacco has historically targeted toward youth and African Americans. The resolution will be presented to the NAACP Board of Directors for possible ratification in October.

Resources for Tobacco-Free Assisted Living

The Public Health Law Center, with funding from ClearWay Minnesota, created a resource page highlighting key priorities for addressing tobacco use in residential care settings. The toolkit includes a summary of state regulations, priority guidelines, and tools for implementing tobacco policies in assisted living residences. These resources provide public health rationale for reducing tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke to many vulnerable members, residents, and staff in U.S. residential care settings.

New facts on hookah use

HOOKAH-31-9849175Young adults perceive hookah to be less harmful than cigarettes. Read about the latest data showing that hookah use among high school students increased by more than 50 percent from 2011 to 2015.

 

Social Disparities in Unaided Quit Attempts Among Daily Current and Former Smokers: Results From the 2010–2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population

This study analyzed a nationally representative sample to assess sociodemographic determinants in past and current daily smokers who reported making unaided quit attempts, compared to quit attempts that involved use of smoking cessation aids. Data indicated that unaided quit attempts were more common among males, younger age groups, individuals of black non-Hispanic race and ethnicity, and among people of lower income. Researchers conclude these findings could be used to inform smoking cessation interventions that encourage specific sub-populations to use smoking cessation aids in their quit attempts.

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